|Cyrus the Great liberated the Jews from the Babylonian captivity to resettle and rebuild Jerusalem, earning him an honored place in Judaism.|
Thursday, May 14, 2015
Persian Empire, History Documentary, Cyrus the Great King of Kings, King of Persia, King of Anshan, King of Media, King of Babylon, King of Sumer and Akkad - Documentary
The Persian Empire is any of a series of imperial dynasties centered in Persia (now Iran). The first of these was established by Cyrus The Great in 550 BC, with the Persian conquest of Media, Lydia and Babylonia. Persian dynastic history was interrupted by the Islamic conquest (AD 651) and later by the Mongol invasion. The main religion ancient Persia was Zoroastrianism, but after the 7th century this was replaced by Islam. In the modern era, a series of Islamic dynasties ruled Persia independently of the universal Caliphate. Since 1979 Persia (Iran) has been an Islamic republic.
List of dynasties
Achaemenid Empire (550–330 BC), also called the "First Persian Empire"
Parthian Empire (247 BC–AD 224, also called the "Arsacid Empire"
Sasanian Empire (224–651), also called the "Neo-Persian Empire" and "Second Persian Empire"
Safavid dynasty (1501–1736)
Afsharid dynasty (1736–1796)
Zand dynasty (1750–1794)
Qajar dynasty (1785–1925)
Pahlavi dynasty (1925–1979)