|The Hittite Empire at its greatest extent under Suppiluliuma I (ca. 1350–1322 BC) and Mursili II (ca. 1321–1295 BC)|
Wednesday, May 27, 2015
Secrets of Archaeology: The Forgotten Civilizations of Anatolia, The Hittites (Ancient History Documentary), The Hittite Empire, Full Documentary
The Hittites (/ˈhɪtaɪts/) were an Ancient Anatolian people who established an empire centred on Hattusa in north-central Anatolia around 1600 BC. This empire reached its height during the mid-14th century BC under Suppiluliuma I, when it encompassed an area that included most of Asia Minor as well as parts of the northern Levant and Upper Mesopotamia. After c. 1180 BC, the empire came to an end during the Bronze Age collapse, splintering into several independent "Neo-Hittite" city-states, some of which survived until the 8th century BC.
The Hittite language was a distinct member of the Anatolian branch of the Indo-European language family. They referred to their native land as Hatti. The conventional name "Hittites" is due to their initial identification with the Biblical Hittites in 19th century archaeology.
Despite the use of Hatti for their core territory, the Hittites should be distinguished from the Hattians, an earlier people who inhabited the same region (until the beginning of the 2nd millennium BC) and spoke a language possibly in the Northwest Caucasian languages group known as Hattic.
The Hittite military made successful use of chariots. Although belonging to the Bronze Age, they were the forerunners of the Iron Age, developing the manufacture of iron artifacts from as early as the 18th century BC, when the "man of Burushanda"'s gift of an iron throne and iron sceptre to the Kaneshite king Anitta was recorded in the Anitta text inscription.
After 1180 BC, amid general turmoil in the Levant conjectured to have been associated with the sudden arrival of the Sea Peoples, the kingdom disintegrated into several independent "Neo-Hittite" city-states, some of which survived until as late as the 8th century BC. The history of the Hittite civilization is known mostly from cuneiform texts found in the area of their kingdom, and from diplomatic and commercial correspondence found in various archives in Egypt and the Middle East.
Tuesday, May 19, 2015
|An Amish family riding in a traditional Amish buggy in Lancaster County, Pennsylvania.|
"There can be no assumption that today’s majority is “right”
and the Amish or others like them are “wrong.”
A way of life that is odd or even erratic
but interferes with no right or interests of others
is not to be condemned because it is different."
Justice Warren E. Burger, (1907-1995) Chief Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court (1969-1986)
Amish life: Full documentary
An intimate portrait of Amish family life and faith, following Old Order Amish couple Miriam and David and their family, and capturing the reason why this family decided to open their lives to the cameras in a society where the church forbids photography.
The Amish (/ˈɑːmɪʃ/; Pennsylvania Dutch: Amisch, German: Amische) are a group of traditionalist Christian church fellowships, closely related to but distinct from Mennonite churches, with whom they share Swiss Anabaptist origins. The Amish are known for simple living, plain dress, and reluctance to adopt many conveniences of modern technology. The history of the Amish church began with a schism in Switzerland within a group of Swiss and Alsatian Anabaptists in 1693 led by Jakob Ammann. Those who followed Ammann became known as Amish.
In the early 18th century, many Amish and Mennonites emigrated to Pennsylvania for a variety of reasons. Today, the most traditional descendants of the Amish continue to speak Pennsylvania German, also known as "Pennsylvania Dutch," although a dialect of Swiss German is used by Old Order Amish in the Adams County, Indiana area. As of 2000, over 165,000 Old Order Amish live in the United States and about 1,500 live in Canada. A 2008 study suggested their numbers have increased to 227,000, and in 2010 a study suggested their population had grown by 10 percent in the past two years to 249,000, with increasing movement to the West.
Thursday, May 14, 2015
Persian Empire, History Documentary, Cyrus the Great King of Kings, King of Persia, King of Anshan, King of Media, King of Babylon, King of Sumer and Akkad - Documentary
|Cyrus the Great liberated the Jews from the Babylonian captivity to resettle and rebuild Jerusalem, earning him an honored place in Judaism.|
The Persian Empire is any of a series of imperial dynasties centered in Persia (now Iran). The first of these was established by Cyrus The Great in 550 BC, with the Persian conquest of Media, Lydia and Babylonia. Persian dynastic history was interrupted by the Islamic conquest (AD 651) and later by the Mongol invasion. The main religion ancient Persia was Zoroastrianism, but after the 7th century this was replaced by Islam. In the modern era, a series of Islamic dynasties ruled Persia independently of the universal Caliphate. Since 1979 Persia (Iran) has been an Islamic republic.
List of dynasties
Achaemenid Empire (550–330 BC), also called the "First Persian Empire"
Parthian Empire (247 BC–AD 224, also called the "Arsacid Empire"
Sasanian Empire (224–651), also called the "Neo-Persian Empire" and "Second Persian Empire"
Safavid dynasty (1501–1736)
Afsharid dynasty (1736–1796)
Zand dynasty (1750–1794)
Qajar dynasty (1785–1925)
Pahlavi dynasty (1925–1979)
Saturday, May 9, 2015
King Arthur, the mythological figure associated with Camelot, might have been based on a 5th or 6th century British warrior who staved off invading Saxons. King Arthur is a medieval, mythological figure who was the chief of the kingdom Camelot and the Knights of the Round Table. It is not known if there was a real Arthur, though it is believed he may have been a Roman-affiliated military leader who successfully staved off a Saxon invasion.
|Tapestry showing Arthur as one of the Nine Worthies, bearing a coat of arms often attributed to him (c. 1385)|