|Machu Picchu is a pre-Columbian 15th-century Inca site, Peru|
Saturday, April 25, 2015
Peru, the Incas: Machu Picchu, Full Documentary - National Geographic - Machu Picchu Decoded
Machu Picchu is a pre-Columbian 15th-century Inca site in Peru, in South America.
The Incas built the city on a mountain ridge, 2430m above sea level. They lived there between 1200 and 1450 AD. Other people lived there before about 650 AD.
The Incas built houses, fields and temples by cutting the rock on the mountain so it was flat. They built an observatory to look at the stars.
When the Spanish invaded Peru, the Incas left Machu Picchu.The city was left unfinished, most likely due to the Spanish invasion, or due to civil war between the ruling rival Inca brothers named Huascar and Atahualpa. The Spanish never found Machu Picchu or the lost city during their occupation.